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How to convert gas units into kWh

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Convert gas units into kWh

The article below explains how to convert gas units into kWh, which will help to ensure your supplier is billing you correctly.

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How do I convert gas units to kWh?

First, you need to determine whether you have an imperial meter or a metric meter:

  • For imperial meters, your reading will be in hundreds of cubic feet (100ft cubed).
  • Metric meter readings are recorded in cubic meters (m cubed).

I have an imperial meter

A Smart Meter is made up of three components:

  • Calculate your reading as explained in the section above.
  • Convert from imperial to metric by multiplying the units by 2.83.
  • Multiply by volume correction factor (1.02264).
  • Multiply by calorific value (40.0).
  • Divide by kWh conversion factor (3.6).

If your imperial meter measures in cubic feet rather than hundreds of cubic feet, you’ll need to use 0.0283 for step 2 rather than 2.83. If it uses thousands of cubic feet, you’ll need to use 28.3 instead. Your meter will usually say ‘x100’ or ‘x1000’ to indicate the higher units of measurement.

I have a metric gas meter

1. Calculate your reading as explained in the section above.

2. Convert from imperial to metric by multiplying the units by 2.83.

3. Multiply by volume correction factor (1.02264).

4. Multiply by calorific value (40.0).

5. Divide by kWh conversion factor (3.6).

What’s the volume correction factor, when converting gas units to kWh?

The volume correction factor is used to take into account the temperature, pressure and atmospheric conditions at a property. This factor is typically 1.02264 unless your household has unusual atmospheric conditions. You can usually find this number on your gas bill.

What’s the calorific, when converting gas units to kWh?

A calorific value (CV) is a measurement of the amount of energy contained in gas, measured in megajoules per cubic meter (MJ/m cubed).

The CV of the gas at each Local Distribution Zone is continually measured by the National Grid who sends this figure to your gas supplier, who then uses it for their calculations. Typically, a gas supply has a CV between 37.5 and 43.0 MJ/m cubed. You can use 40.0 as a default number if you don’t have the exact figure.

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